I’m trying v5.801 on an old device to see if I can live with the changes!
Hardware is Sony X-compact (F5321). Android 8.0.0
I can’t change the font size. V5.6 I had fonts set to Larger so that when I forgot my specs I could still make some attempt at reading email. I Have tried stopping the app, deleting cache & data, but fonts remain at default size.
Currently the font size settings for the folder list aren’t applied. All others should work just fine.
You can change them under Settings > General settings > Display > Font size.
Android 8 also has a system settings to increase the font size (for all apps). Have you tried increasing that? I found it under: (Android settings app) > Display > (expand Advanced section) > Font size. There’s also the option of increasing all user interface elements, not just the text. It’s on the same screen and called Display size.
Nothing seemed to work until I changed the system font size (& then changed it back!). After that the font sizes in K-9 changed as expected. A bit on the small side in some cases, compared to V5.6